Why Get a Scratching Post?
Cats scratch on things for two reasons: to shed their claws and to mark their territory. To save your furniture from damage, provide and teach your cat to use scratching posts.
Choose the right post for your cat:
Horizontal, vertical or angled? Find out what type of post your cat prefers: horizontal, vertical, or angled. Not sure? Observe your cat. If your cat is currently scratching on anything other than the post you are offering, you have the answer already. Some cats like to rear up and pull down, while others like to stretch way out along the floor and pull. If they tend to rear up to claw, then a vertical post is your best bet. If your cat favors your carpet or rugs, then a floor-based horizontal scratching post is better. Be proactive and offer your cat a few choices. Most large cat trees provide both surfaces, while the basic post is made more for vertical than horizontal scratching. Cardboard types tend to lie directly on the floor. Some types of vertical scratching posts can be hung from a doorknob or off the back of a door.
Type of surface: There are multiple types of surfaces offered -- observe and test to determine a preference.
Carpet. Carpeted scratching posts and cat furniture make up the bulk of most manufactured products. It is easily made, easy to work with, and can be attached to many different surfaces and shapes. Carpet is not nearly as durable as sisal, so over time it shreds and loses bits of the nap, making it messy. Carpet also retains dirt and debris and needs regular vacuuming. Cats can get their claws stuck in the fabric loops and stop using the post as a result.
Sisal rope. Sisal is very tough and resists shredding very well. Sisal scratching posts are excellent choices for cats who prefer to claw and scratch rough surfaces. Sisal rope scratching posts and cat furniture provide long-lasting scratching surfaces. However, it is not easy to incorporate catnip to make it more attractive to your cat.
Cardboard. Cardboard scratching surfaces are fairly new and by far the cheapest alternative. Most cardboard scratching surfaces are refillable. Cardboard, which has a lot of holes, can easily accommodate catnip to make it more attractive. However, it shreds easily, leading to bits of cardboard around the house. Some cats also like to chew on cardboard, which is dangerous due to the chemicals present within it.
Wood. Wood is the closest thing to what a cat in the wild would use to stretch, mark, and shed on. A wood post will be very durable, more so than sisal. It does not lend itself to hosting catnip, but it also will not retain dirt or leave bits of wood lying around.
Entice your cat to the scratching post and give praise for using it.
Vertical posts must be sturdy and tall enough for cats to stretch their bodies.
The posts should be located in prominent areas in your home. Cats often scratch when they wake up from a nap so put one near the cat’s sleeping area.
Buy ready-made scratching posts at the pet store or make your own. A simple log is preferred by some cats. For others, a piece of corrugated cardboard mounted on a piece of wood works just fine. Try attaching the carpet upside down or using another material like upholstery fabric that is more "shreddable".
Attract your cat to the post using catnip or treats. Sprinkle catnip on the base and into the fabric or hang bags of catnip from the top. Spend time near the post encouraging your cat to interact with it.
Play with the cat near the post and incorporate the post into your play session.
The most important step is to reward the cat every time the post is used. Have yummy treats nearby and give one when your cat scratches the post.
Teach your cat that other things are off limits by making those areas undesirable. Cover the area with aluminum foil or double sided sticky tape or lightly spray the area with a lemon scent.
Do not spray or scold your cat as this can make your cat scared of you. In addition, your cat may learn to scratch the sofa or couch in your absence.